Showing posts with label nation. Show all posts
Showing posts with label nation. Show all posts

UPSC 2021-2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (Part-1)

Human capital index 

1.released by world bank 

2. India's rank 116 out of 174 countries ( in 2018 it was 115 out of 157 countries)


Tech for Tribal 

1 Micro small-medium enterprises will provide technology to tribal people for increasing their productivity and services 

2 TRIFED (TRIBAL COOPERATIVE MARKETING DEVELOPMENT FEDERATION OF INDIA LIMITED).

3 It is under PMVDY (Pradhan Mantri van Dhan yojana)

 Pardhanmantri van dhan yojana

MOTA ( Ministry of tribal affairs) implementing agency 

TRIFED Nodal agency at national level 

and at the state level, State nodal agency 

at the district level DM

Upsc-current-affairs


A-WEB (Association of world election body )

The largest association of EMBs with 111 nation and 21 international organization

chairperson - Election commission of India  

Mission - To identify the latest trends 

and to facilitate the appropriate exchange of experience 

Permanent secretariat - Seoul (South Korea)


Sulfur dioxide pollution

India is the world largest emitter of SO2 according to CERA ( Center for research on energy and clean air )

generated through - fossil burning and volcanic activity 

it is a colorless, bad-smelling, and toxic gas

AMPHEX -21 NAVY EXERCISE held in A&N island with Indian Army and Indian Airforce.

The first hydroelectric power station of ASIA at Shivanasamudra falls on the Cauvery river in Karnataka.

MISSION KARAMYOGI ( YOG THROUGH SELFLESS ACTION)

Capacity building program for civil servant 

2 OBJ- 1 rule-based to role-based

2 domain training 

Special purpose vehicle is implementing agency ( 100% govt. owned )

PM WANI : India's new public WIFI project 

scheme of the department of telecommunication 

 Aim - To further push internet adoption in the rural area 

public data office will be registered at Kirana Store.

 

PURPLE FROG 

 Habitat -endemic to the western ghat  

IUCN status - endangered 

Exist 70 million yr ago with Dinosaur 

Recently State govt. of Kerala propose to make it official amphibian of State

 

PEACOCK SOFT SHELLED TURTLE  

IUCN STATUS -Vulnerable

only found in freshwater.

Habitat - India, Pakistan, Bangladesh

QUESTION HOUR 

the first hour of every parliamentary sitting

it was in news because of covid 19 the monsoon session is suspended in parliament.

FISHING CAT 

IUCN STATUS - vulnerable 

it was in the news because Chilka lake authority designated her to an ambassador of Chilka lake

CITES -2 appendix

 schedule first of WPA 1972 

 in 2012 WB govt. officially declared the fishing cat as the state animal 


BLUE FLAG CERTIFICATION Provided by Norway for the following criteria 

- environment sustainable tourism 

- sustainable boating tourism 

- cleanliness water

Given by non profit  foundation for environment education Denmark based education foundation. 

 33 criteria out of which 4 are major


 1. Bathing  water quality

2. Environment management and conservation 

3.safety

4. Services in the beaches


●padubidri and kasarkod beach got

 blue flecks certificate recently


■ Swarna Jayanti fellowship scheme

 Department of Science and Technology

 21 scientists selected for this fellowship program commemorate India's 50th independence anniversary

 special assistant and support to the selected number of young scientists 

no institute specific

 funded by science engineering research board (SERB) as per norms


■AEGEAN SEA(SEA OF CRETE)

- earthquake Magnitude of 7.0 strikes aegean  sea shacking Turkey and Greece


■ENEMY PROPERTY 

- Me property amendment and validations act 2017 included legal higher and successor of enemy property (will not allow to them.)

 - enemy property for India in CEPI under central government (prohibit civil court).


■Liquidity trap (K-shape)

- IMF economist gita gopinath stated that the global economy may be heading toward a liquidity trap

- interest rate are very low and saving that are high.


■GILGIT BALTISTAN(NEW PROVENCE OF PAKISTAN)

1.PUNJAB

2.SIND

3. North West PROVENCE 

4.  BALOCHISTAN

- Recently it was in news because Pakistan gifted shakshgam valley to China.

 - It is part of northern Pakistan and controlled by the Pakistan government and under Karachi agreement 1949. 

- According to2009 legislative assembly and council both exist here but this order was replaced by order of 2018



■Daimer bhasa dam (On indus river)

-between kohistan district of khyber pakhtunkhura and daimer district in gilgit Baltistan.



■ The ministry of youth affairs and sports had recently included 1. Gatka

                                   2. Kalaripayattu

                                   3. Thang-Ta

                                   4. Mallakhamba

In khelo India youth game 2020



Re-invest-2020(3rd global summit)

- Industry of new and renewable energy   

-investment in renewable energy 

-PM inogreated it

- theme- innovation for sustainable transition and

- target change from 175 gw in 2020 to 450 gigawatt in 2030.

 


■ PATERNITY LEAVE(IN INDIA THERE IS NO LOW FOR PATERNITY LEAVE)

- BCCI granted paternity leave to virat kohli . It is basically kind of paid leave.In addition, Zomato provides 26 week leave to father.

- Maternity benefit (Amendment Act)-2017 provide 26 week leave to mother on 1st child birth and 12 week for 2nd and 3rd child.



■MALABAR REBELLION(VOILENT REVOLT BY MAPILAH OF KERALA)

 Year 2021 is 100th year anniversary of Malabar uprising .

poor labourers,  fishery-man and shopkeepers ,religious figures took part in it  . Basically it is a kind of Jamindari revolt change in communal REVOLT. On 18 fab 1921 all the prominent khilafat and Congress leader yakub hassan, U. gopala menon ,P. Moideen koya and K. Madhava Nair were arrested. 

 


■6000 dancer performed mohiniyatyam for Guinness record in thrissur (Kerala).

It is a feminine dance of vishnu consist of 24 hand gesture mentioned in (hastalakashana deepika).

Dance reference is taken from Vyovaharamala Ghoshayatra.


■Lymphatic filariasis (Elephantiasis) declared as neglected tropical disease in which tissue swelling kind of activities take place.

  


• Kerala plans to set up in Mahatma Gandhi Smriti Museum at payyanur Kerala.  it is also known as second Bardoli Satyagraha. here Simon Commission took place in 1928 and Salt Satyagraha in 1930 under the leadership of Kerala Gandhi (K Kelapan ) Kozhikodi to Payyanur . 33 Satyagrahi started anti untouchability movement. 

  




• davos dialogue : world economic form why in news recently the Prime Minister address the world economic forum Davos dialogue by video conferencing. 

 the WEF Annual meeting in davos Switzerland engage the world's top leaders to save Global regional and industries agendas. 

 some major reports published by WPF are energy transition index, Global competitiveness report Global gender gap, Global risk report, Global travel and tourism report. 


• cut copy paste mechanism -

locate the specific area

 cut it out 

replace it with a new and correct sequence that no longer causes the problem. 


 it can potentially eliminate genetic and other digit multiply agriculture production correct the format is and even open up the more content CSS possibilities of producing designer babies and bringing cosmetic perfection. 



Seagrasses are flowering plant that grows in shallow and marine water like bays and Lagoon found in the many part of the word , from the tropic to the Arctic Circle.  recently scientists have claimed that protection and restoration of grasses can play a significant role in mitigation climate change. They have roots stems and leaves and produce flowers and seeds.  Restoration of seagrasses has been taken up by the Tamil Nadu forest department in the Gulf of Mannar.  Threat to seagrasses include human disturbance and natural disturbances. 


• academic freedom index

 index try to quantify the freedom of University  and scholar to debate politically and culturally controversial topic without fear for their safety or studies and without any external influence on the Institutions affairs based on the combination of actual data and the assessments of 1800 academicians world wide.  it is the result of a collaborative effort between researchers at FAU and the V Dem.  India has  scored  low in international academic freedom index with a score of 0.352 which is closely followed by Saudi Arabia and Libya. 


● organization of petroleum exporting country  4th high level meeting held in which India took participation via video conferencing.

 Objective of this conference is to coordinate unify petroleum policies and to secure fair and stable price.

 it was established by Baghdad conference in 1960 and OPEC member country are Iran Iraq Kuwait Saudi Arabia Venezuela .

ASEAN PREMIUM  -Extra charge over oil in ASia.

 


●G-20 : PM calls for a new global index in over transparency post pandemic world.

- 85%  of total gdp.

-80% international trade

- 65% of world population. 

 First time leaders meeting with FM

 Global index is based on 

talent poll

technology

transparency

Sprit of trustful



● A Himalayan serow - The at Eastern central and Western himalyas

IUCN status - vulnerable 

 Add it's comes under schedule 1st of wildlife protection act 1972. 


●Dara shikoh - transfered the bhagwat gita into Persian.

 The was oldest son of Shahjhan and killed by Orangzeb in battle of samugarh.

Wrote - majma-ul-bahrain.

 It was in news because the ministry of culture recently set up a 7 member panel of archaeological survey of India to locate the grave of the mughal Prince Dara shikoh.



● Russia pulled out from free sky treaty that was signed in 1992 and come into effect in 2002 .

India and China are not the member of risky treaty.



● Article 131 of Indian prostitution Bad deals with original and exclusive jurisdictions of Supreme Court .

 no Private or individual can appeal under this



 It was in news because kerala government has envoked to citizenship amendment act in Supreme Court. 


Supreme Court invoked article 142 to order to formed the trust for ram temple.

and this article deal with complete justice of Supreme Court. 


●Grand Ethiopian Renaissance dam  It's conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia. 

 US has stepped in to mediate this conflict. 



● Adaptation gap report 2020 Released by UNEP United Nations environment program this report estimates the annual cost of adaptation To the effect of climate change for developing country Read list quadruple by 2050.



● Export promotion council for technical textile

 Launched by ministry of textile to constitute

 dedicated export promotion council for technical textile for 4 year.

 It's Aim is to taking domestic market size to USD 40 billion to USD 50 billion by 2024.




●Agatti island i.e 459km from Kozhikodi Kerala. 

- National green tribunus has granted an interim stay on falling of coconut trees on agatti island.



● pokkali rice( GI tag from kerala)

 Farmers of Bengal are experimenting with the pokkali variety of rice in sundarbans Contains lowest carbohydrate.

 Doctors also suggest it to as lower sugar diet. 



●Parivar pahchan patra  launched by Haryana (Called PPP)

Unique identity  card 

To 54 lakh family 

For families not for individuals 

8 digit no. 

Girls name transferred after marriage 


●MADHAVPUR Mela-  8 Northeastern state are visiting porbandar Gujarat to take participation in   Month of April on ramnavmi.

Please related to mismi tribe of assam because  lord Krishna married to rukmini and she belong to Miami tribe.


●NATRAJA (shiv and parvati)

Ardhnareshwar

Fire (left hand)

Drum (sound)

Abhay mudra (path of salvation)



●AMBU BACHI MELA (ASSAM)

In Kamekhya temple  (one of the 51 saktipith)

At nilachal hills.


●47th G7 summit 

 United Kingdom invited India and Australia PM as guest to attend the 47th G7 summit held in June 2021 on  Request of France and Italy .

G7 Countries are Canada Italy France Germany Japan UK US.



● Indian ocean commission was established in 1984.  India becomes its 5th observer But India is the not a member of IOC.

 Indian ocean commission consist of Madagascar, reunion,  Comoros,  Mauritius, Seychelles. 

It is also known as Victoria agreement.


India beats China and USA in digital transaction's

 India is ahead of China.

Digital payments:-  India beats China-US others in 2020, leads the global tally with this many transactions. 

Why a huge increase happened in online payment option.

This major change just happened because of lockdown in India and one another reason is, There are so many payment platforms for online payment, are available and they promote themselves in front of people to use that platforms, by showing major benefits in term of cashback measure discount and easy transaction process.

Digital-transactions


Advertisement of Digital payments app's and easy to use UPI payment option, that only requires one pin for payment promote people to use their programs and platforms.

Digital payments provide you irresistible, seductive, cashback and also provide an easy to use process, so people generally get addicted to these apps and dependent on these apps for every small transaction. 

This is the actual reason why India is ahead of China and the US in the matter of digital transaction for online transactions.

Digital-transactions


The CEO of Niti Aayog Amitabh Kant

"Digital payments in India has failed to 25.5 billion real-time online transactions in 2020. digital transactions in India has surpassed that of China which accounted for 15.7 billion transactions in 2020".
Digital-Tranjections



Why India Toped


But if you understand here we are talking about the numbers of transactions we are not talking about how much amount of money have transacted between the accounts, but if we talk about the value of the amount that has been transacted then definitely China and Us are far ahead from India. 


Raghuram Rajan "what the rise of digital payments mean for Central banks"

There will be a huge increase in the responsibility of Central banks. 

When we are talking about digital payments, and India is the topmost country in the matter of numbers of digital payments made in 2020 even though China's population is higher than India and assess of smartphones and the internet is also far ahead in China when we compared to India.

After all of that, we have beaten China in term of numbers of transactions it's a huge achievement and it also denotes that groundwork ok of digital payments is really high and India is going towards the dream 2020 e of Abdul Kalam.

Digital-transactions

If you think from where we get that data, then I have to tell you that all the data vs on this blog we get from the AC worldwide index that has declared the number of digital transactions of top 10 countries. 

ACI worldwide have ranked top 10 countries in the matter of real-time digital transactions you can understand what is the meaning of real-time, real-time denotes the completed transactions. 

What is ACI worldwide?

India's largest bank with more than 440 million account holders seamlessly updated and expanded its payment switching system using ACI's retail payments technology to meet its requirement of processing more than 30 million daily transactions.
Not only SBI embarked on an initiative to modernize its transaction processing technology, increased silence and ensure future scalability it has also implemented enterprise fraud prevention with ACI's fraud management solution for debit cards, mobile banking, internet banking, prepaid UPI payments - at an enormous scale rarely seen globally. 
ACI also has contracted to upgrade lacs of ATM of SBI that are present in India.

You can easily understand that it is not a small company or platform.

Data provided by ACI worldwide 

According to ACI worldwide there are 25.478 billion digital transactions happened in India in 2020.

The number of real-time digital transactions in other countries.
In millions
1. India ------ 25478
2. China ------ 15741
3. South Korea ------ 6015
4. Thailand ------ 5241
5. U K ------ 2827
6. Nigeria ------ 1911
7. Japan ------ 1676
8. Brazil ------ 1330
9. U.S. ------ 1219

10.Mexico ------ 942

What are the important factors for the huge increase in digital payments in India? 
real-time payment has gained significant traction since 2014 word on by the government payments modernization initiatives to provide financial inclusion to the unbanked and empower digital payments transformation by moving to a less reliant economy in 2014 the government-issued unique biometric identification numbers to 99% of adults in a blink the opening of no minimum balance bank accounts in 2016 the government demonetised 86% of the cash circulation comparing the two electronic payments and motivating citizens to open a bank account as a result by 2017 80% of Indian adults reported having a bank account up from just 53% in 2014. 
If we compare the number from other countries then 25% of us households are either unbanked or Banked.
the transaction volume share for instant payments India among real-time transaction was 15.6% and 20 2.9 % for other electronic payments in 2020 according to a report by the payment system company SBI worldwide importantly paper-based payments continued to have a considerable share of 61.4% in India. 
According to a report, digital payments in India have to grow up to 71.7 % of all payment transactions by 2025.
From this corruption in India definitely decrease, black money in the country also will decrease, and the government would also have all the data where people are using money. 






What is India's vaccine strategy

What is India's vaccine strategy

 Let's talk about about India . Now  country has recorded 72335 new cases of the Wuhan virus in just the last 24 hours."72335 in a day" The numbers are pointing at a second wave of Wuhan  virus.  How does India plan to tide over it. 

You can say India has vaccines, and you are right India does have vaccines but the question is, does India have a full proof vaccine strategy? India is the world's largest vaccine maker. It is also currently driving the world's largest vaccination campaign . Vaccines have received regulatory approval within the country  Oxford astros and serum institute of India's Kovi shield and to Bharat biotech for exchange these are the two vaccines being administered in India.




What is India's vaccine strategy


  Now India has exported almost seven 64.4 million doses of vaccine these were given as gifts or donations, sold to some countries or given as part of India commitment . That's the global vaccine alliance so 64.6 million for the rest of the world.  How many for Indians 65.12 million have been used at home till date. India's vaccination program began on the 16th of January . Health care and sanitation workers were the first to be inoculated . The second phase included senior citizens and today the third page begin with all citizens who are above 45 years of age  or older getting the dose .

Now as we speak over 65.12  million people have been inoculated in India 9.33 million people have received both the doses ,55.7 billion have received a single does India's plan is to inoculate 250 million people by July . The numbers look impressive but are they good enough.  Consider this is India is a young country India's average age is 26.8 at the half of India's population is below 26.8 years of age, but these people do not qualify for inoculation in India . In Other words more than half of the world's second most populous country e does not meet the criteria for receiving life saving drugs . w

What is the logic ? Initially it was believed that young people are less vulnerable from deadly Wuhan virus virus.  That has been proven to be untrue especially with the young people are being infected as young people are losing their lives the virus does not discriminate based on demography.

 What's India's vaccine strategy ?Clearly does it has discounted young people with comorbidities  .  youngsters who are fighting cancer for instance or other life-threatening illnesses and young people in high risk category with problems like high blood pressure diabetes obesity  they are not getting the vaccine either.  A survey conducted by an online platform called a Inbais ( name changed) found that 75% of Indian citizens are in favour of the government opening the  vaccination pogram for all citizens above the age of 18 where is the park of giving the words pharmacy  in India is post to restrict its own vaccination program where is the advantage of being the world's vaccine  manufacturing hub .India cannot inoculate its own currently only 25.3 of India's population is eligible for vaccination age group 45 or above next up for just 34.5 million people we have a total population of 1.36 billion 34.5 million can get the Jab(doses) that's just how does India plan to fight the virus resurgence with nearly 75% of its population still at risk with school children still at risk with a population that travels goes to work and socialize as the most still not vaccinated this we say is not the best strategy to achieve herd immunity India must expand its vaccination program and so immediately many countries already have the United States for example has open vaccination for all adults with morbidity and those above 18 working in public facing jobs the United Kingdom in ocular teaching the earth above 16 who are in high risk groups in the United Arab Emirates everyone above the age of 16 is eligible for vaccination China to is vaccinating people above 18 years of age same with Canada and Israel what is stopping India India must realise that its young workforce is its backbone strength it's not wise to this age group by d9 it life-saving vaccines it's not trying to punish this group for not being old enough to receive the jobs it's time for India to rethink its vaccine strategy thank you .

Pakistan does U-turn on lifting ban over Indian imports

 Pakistan does U-turn on lifting ban over Indian imports

The coronavirus pandemic has battered economics around the globe . Countries are struggling to get back on their feetbut Pakistani choosing politics over its economic the country has made a U-turn on resuming trade ties with India so let's throw some light on why the was abruptly rivers Pakistan had unilaterally suspended trade with India in August of 2019 and this after New Delhi trapped the special status for Jammu and Kashmir after nearly two years Pakistan planned on lifting a ban on imports of Indian sugar in cotton is step towards reviving the suspended trade between the two neighbours India is the world's biggest producer of cotton and the second biggest sugar producer as wale importing cotton and sugar would have helped Pakistan there is a massive shortage or raw material in Pakistan's textile sector as for sugar the decision was influenced by high domestic prices we on has assessed the documents that no of prime ministers approval for the import the decision was made by the economic coordination committee for ACC of the cabinet with Imran Khan being the minister in charge for commerce so it was clearly labelled with the prime minister's approval but the cabinet and a projecting panels decision overturning something that came with Imran Khan's approval in the first place now according to sources women rights minister Kiran mazari interior minister Sheikh Rasheed and foreign minister Mahmood Qureshi have opposed this proposal by the the e cc.





This is a major blow for the Imran Khan government especially at the time when imports could have helped the Pakistan economy while there is no official word on the development the sudden flip-flop may and up being very costly for Pakistan . inbaisnews is now available in your country  add site on home screen now .

The decision of continuing the trade relations with India might be the best resurgence for both the economy and specially for Pakistan the ceasefire on LOC is also proven very good for both the country and now both the countries are peacefully following the ceasefire decision. 

If you want to read more about their relations you go to your homepage and read out article named Akhand Bharat my vision by reading this article you get all about Indo Pak relations and all other things that are menu plated between both these country. 

Delhi Govt vs Lg issue | GNCTD Bill | Arvind Kejriwal

Delhi Govt vs Lg issue | GNCTD Bill | Arvind Kejriwal

 Imagine that I tell you that I am changing the definition of the word "government" , from today "government" will have a new definition. "Government" would not mean Those politicians elected by you. From today "government" would Mean our friend X

 .



You heard that write an individual whose name is X whom no one voted for ,who never ran for an election, from today he will be your government .

You may vote for your party to be in powerbut you do not make any difference because in reality the government will be only X. It isn't too weird , but in reality something similar is happening in Delhi

On 15 march GNCTD Bill is passed by loksabha , and it also passed by lower house priviously . As we all know every bill passed by both houses is called a amendment .

The government of national capital territory of Delhi  GNCTD amendment Bill 2021 was passed in Lok Sabha on 15th March and rajyasabha on 24th March. what is in this new amendment Bill ?basically contains the power distribution between the Delhi government and the lieutenant governor of Delhi. Whose  power does law  increase and does it reduce you might have guessed it very easily . The AAM Aadmi party and other opposition party have sprayed it that the bill is a murder of democracy.

 Where the BJP minister of state for home affairs, G Kishan Reddy said that this will not have anything  Undemocratic . It tries to solve the problem of power distribution between the Delhi government and the LG let's see what this will exactly entails .

this bill is over five pages and the top two lines of second page are the most important government refer to any law made by the legislative assembly the lieutenant governor LG I explained what it means at the beginning of this blog they are changing the definition of the word government they are saying that the word government in now in the LG of Delhi not the elected government of Delhi a little below in IV point is mentioned that the Delhi government sorry can't tell them Delhi government because the technical definition of Delhi government is now the LG I will have to call them LG those politicians whom you have voted to be in power I will address them as the legislative assembly the legislative assembly cannot make any separate use the concerns day-to-day administration this means that the day to day administrative assistant on governance cannot be taken by elected politicians . For example odd even rule by Kejriwal or doorstep delivery decisions in Delhi cannot be taken .

Additionally it is  also mentioned in the bill that any executive actions on "certain matters "mandatorily requires the opinions of the LG to be considered. 

What are "certain matters"?

It is to be decided and specified by the LG himself. 

Overall you see that power is concentrated in the hands of LG, it is now more powerful than the chief minister of Delhi.

Interestingly LG is a post for which there are no elections conducted, in the state elections of Delhi chief minister is elected not the LG , the LG is selected by the central government this is this is the why LG often called the puppet of Central government . 



This is exactly the reason why many people blame the Modi government claiming that they passed this bill so that it they can rule over Delhi indirectly through LG. Last few elections BJP have lost badly in Delhi many people believe that BJP is trying to take revenge by making sure that even though they didn't win the election they could still be in power indirectly by passing such law.But some people will argue that Delhi is a state or union territory that had complicated governance ever since the beginning. let's get into the history of it. In 1952 Delhi become a state . First assembly elections for conducted and Congress won the election Chaudhary Brahm Prakash Yadav become the first chief minister of Delhi . In 1956 the states recognition act was passed ,because of Delhi lost its statehood and become a union territory after this for many years it remained the same until 1991. In 1991 the Congress government passed 69th constitutional amendment act and Delhi was given a special status .Union Territory of Delhi became the national capital territory of Delhi. It was declared that there will be a lieutenant governor and a legislative assembly elected by the people and a council of ministers . The elected government will be able to make laws on every matter included in the state list and concurrent list except in three cases land ,police and public order . The next assembly elections in 1993 and was won by BJP the new chief minister was Madan Lal Khurana election were laid by this government came and went and things remained stable till 2014 .  Before 2014 no one had heard of name of lieutenant governor . Very few people knew that, who was the LG and what did he do service years before 2014 BJP Madan Lal Khurana and atal Bihari Vajpayee demanded full statehood for Delhi in 2014 Lok Sabha elections manifesto , BJP had clearly promise in writing that they want full statehood of Delhi Congress leader Sheila Dikshit was Delhi chief minister then and see to demanded full statehood for Delhi in 2014 aam Aadmi party also run in the elections and their manifested who that the promise of full statehood for Delhi it goes to show that All three parties BJP Congress and AAP demanded full statehood for Delhi in their manifesto .



My Vision of Akhand Bhart

 Akhand Bharat A Dream

Area = 5897964
Population = 1862708791
GDP (ppp) = 11444166345964 $ (11.5 Trillion USD)

Apart from all that India will be strongest defence system of the world .

 That , I have thought about in my childhood

What did you understand by Akhand Bhart , it is a term dating used for areas that was never part of the greatland of India. 
Akhand bharat = India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka ,Bangladesh ,Myanmar and Afghanistan  .
Image of Akhand Bhart look like
If all the power stand together then they will be reproduced as new super power in whole world and no country dare to think harming it .
If we calculate expenditure that India and Pakistan both did on Kashmir issue and border line that can be used for development of this shoes country and India will be one of the most developing nation at present time. 
also more than a million of life are sacrificed from both sides without any reason just a few benefits for politician and nothing is gained by that sacrifices that ultimate sacrifices that are made by innocent people of the countries .
if you hear the story of two monkeys and one cat you will remember that both the monkeys if fighting and the cat at last stolen and the chapati.  and same will happen in international issued if India and Pakistan both eat fighting like that and didn't terminate there national issues and boundary issues  then all the western countries must provide essential a way to get India and Pakistan develoed .
India and Pakistan and all the Indian subcontinent stood together there they can behave like a super power and control every area of the word and strictly provide orders to change any jio political situation or intervene in any situation like us or Russia China .
but apart from that India and Pakistan both are bearing like puppets of different powers and don't recognise their own powers if they stay United and use the idiom unity is strength then they will be the one of the most successful nation in the world the man power the natural resources the quality of mind they have they didn't need to fight with each other they have to fight from whom word in matter of  economic competition .
The politicianare creating caste based and religion based controversies that help them to build their vote bank in each of the countries that are included in Indian subcontinent for Akhand Bharat for their benefits the dividing the peoples of India just for the true words but that are going to be wrost work done by government it and be very harmful in upcoming future. 


We have to be faithful towards each other and people of All the Nations have to start a new relation with each country and the head that is filled by the politicians of each country have to be ruled out from our hearts completely and we have to throw out that politicians out of our country that are dividing us just on the basis of there vote Banks . we never have to behave like a perfect in front of politician since independence they have use does and divided does for their personal benefit so now time have come we stood together and prove our unity in front of the whole world. And the power of United India will be one of the highest in world. 

Data I showed above is hundred percent correct  and it could be even more and much better if the dream of United India come true and then I will be the happiest person on the Earth. 
if anyone read out this article please pay attention to this issue and spread it more and more on your social media sites that we use and promote this topic as much as you can you are little attention make a big difference in this topic and also comment your views about this topic and also suggest which one thing we also had to include in this article .