Showing posts with label International. Show all posts
Showing posts with label International. Show all posts

UPSC 2021-2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (Part-1)

Human capital index 

1.released by world bank 

2. India's rank 116 out of 174 countries ( in 2018 it was 115 out of 157 countries)


Tech for Tribal 

1 Micro small-medium enterprises will provide technology to tribal people for increasing their productivity and services 

2 TRIFED (TRIBAL COOPERATIVE MARKETING DEVELOPMENT FEDERATION OF INDIA LIMITED).

3 It is under PMVDY (Pradhan Mantri van Dhan yojana)

 Pardhanmantri van dhan yojana

MOTA ( Ministry of tribal affairs) implementing agency 

TRIFED Nodal agency at national level 

and at the state level, State nodal agency 

at the district level DM

Upsc-current-affairs


A-WEB (Association of world election body )

The largest association of EMBs with 111 nation and 21 international organization

chairperson - Election commission of India  

Mission - To identify the latest trends 

and to facilitate the appropriate exchange of experience 

Permanent secretariat - Seoul (South Korea)


Sulfur dioxide pollution

India is the world largest emitter of SO2 according to CERA ( Center for research on energy and clean air )

generated through - fossil burning and volcanic activity 

it is a colorless, bad-smelling, and toxic gas

AMPHEX -21 NAVY EXERCISE held in A&N island with Indian Army and Indian Airforce.

The first hydroelectric power station of ASIA at Shivanasamudra falls on the Cauvery river in Karnataka.

MISSION KARAMYOGI ( YOG THROUGH SELFLESS ACTION)

Capacity building program for civil servant 

2 OBJ- 1 rule-based to role-based

2 domain training 

Special purpose vehicle is implementing agency ( 100% govt. owned )

PM WANI : India's new public WIFI project 

scheme of the department of telecommunication 

 Aim - To further push internet adoption in the rural area 

public data office will be registered at Kirana Store.

 

PURPLE FROG 

 Habitat -endemic to the western ghat  

IUCN status - endangered 

Exist 70 million yr ago with Dinosaur 

Recently State govt. of Kerala propose to make it official amphibian of State

 

PEACOCK SOFT SHELLED TURTLE  

IUCN STATUS -Vulnerable

only found in freshwater.

Habitat - India, Pakistan, Bangladesh

QUESTION HOUR 

the first hour of every parliamentary sitting

it was in news because of covid 19 the monsoon session is suspended in parliament.

FISHING CAT 

IUCN STATUS - vulnerable 

it was in the news because Chilka lake authority designated her to an ambassador of Chilka lake

CITES -2 appendix

 schedule first of WPA 1972 

 in 2012 WB govt. officially declared the fishing cat as the state animal 


BLUE FLAG CERTIFICATION Provided by Norway for the following criteria 

- environment sustainable tourism 

- sustainable boating tourism 

- cleanliness water

Given by non profit  foundation for environment education Denmark based education foundation. 

 33 criteria out of which 4 are major


 1. Bathing  water quality

2. Environment management and conservation 

3.safety

4. Services in the beaches


●padubidri and kasarkod beach got

 blue flecks certificate recently


■ Swarna Jayanti fellowship scheme

 Department of Science and Technology

 21 scientists selected for this fellowship program commemorate India's 50th independence anniversary

 special assistant and support to the selected number of young scientists 

no institute specific

 funded by science engineering research board (SERB) as per norms


■AEGEAN SEA(SEA OF CRETE)

- earthquake Magnitude of 7.0 strikes aegean  sea shacking Turkey and Greece


■ENEMY PROPERTY 

- Me property amendment and validations act 2017 included legal higher and successor of enemy property (will not allow to them.)

 - enemy property for India in CEPI under central government (prohibit civil court).


■Liquidity trap (K-shape)

- IMF economist gita gopinath stated that the global economy may be heading toward a liquidity trap

- interest rate are very low and saving that are high.


■GILGIT BALTISTAN(NEW PROVENCE OF PAKISTAN)

1.PUNJAB

2.SIND

3. North West PROVENCE 

4.  BALOCHISTAN

- Recently it was in news because Pakistan gifted shakshgam valley to China.

 - It is part of northern Pakistan and controlled by the Pakistan government and under Karachi agreement 1949. 

- According to2009 legislative assembly and council both exist here but this order was replaced by order of 2018



■Daimer bhasa dam (On indus river)

-between kohistan district of khyber pakhtunkhura and daimer district in gilgit Baltistan.



■ The ministry of youth affairs and sports had recently included 1. Gatka

                                   2. Kalaripayattu

                                   3. Thang-Ta

                                   4. Mallakhamba

In khelo India youth game 2020



Re-invest-2020(3rd global summit)

- Industry of new and renewable energy   

-investment in renewable energy 

-PM inogreated it

- theme- innovation for sustainable transition and

- target change from 175 gw in 2020 to 450 gigawatt in 2030.

 


■ PATERNITY LEAVE(IN INDIA THERE IS NO LOW FOR PATERNITY LEAVE)

- BCCI granted paternity leave to virat kohli . It is basically kind of paid leave.In addition, Zomato provides 26 week leave to father.

- Maternity benefit (Amendment Act)-2017 provide 26 week leave to mother on 1st child birth and 12 week for 2nd and 3rd child.



■MALABAR REBELLION(VOILENT REVOLT BY MAPILAH OF KERALA)

 Year 2021 is 100th year anniversary of Malabar uprising .

poor labourers,  fishery-man and shopkeepers ,religious figures took part in it  . Basically it is a kind of Jamindari revolt change in communal REVOLT. On 18 fab 1921 all the prominent khilafat and Congress leader yakub hassan, U. gopala menon ,P. Moideen koya and K. Madhava Nair were arrested. 

 


■6000 dancer performed mohiniyatyam for Guinness record in thrissur (Kerala).

It is a feminine dance of vishnu consist of 24 hand gesture mentioned in (hastalakashana deepika).

Dance reference is taken from Vyovaharamala Ghoshayatra.


■Lymphatic filariasis (Elephantiasis) declared as neglected tropical disease in which tissue swelling kind of activities take place.

  


• Kerala plans to set up in Mahatma Gandhi Smriti Museum at payyanur Kerala.  it is also known as second Bardoli Satyagraha. here Simon Commission took place in 1928 and Salt Satyagraha in 1930 under the leadership of Kerala Gandhi (K Kelapan ) Kozhikodi to Payyanur . 33 Satyagrahi started anti untouchability movement. 

  




• davos dialogue : world economic form why in news recently the Prime Minister address the world economic forum Davos dialogue by video conferencing. 

 the WEF Annual meeting in davos Switzerland engage the world's top leaders to save Global regional and industries agendas. 

 some major reports published by WPF are energy transition index, Global competitiveness report Global gender gap, Global risk report, Global travel and tourism report. 


• cut copy paste mechanism -

locate the specific area

 cut it out 

replace it with a new and correct sequence that no longer causes the problem. 


 it can potentially eliminate genetic and other digit multiply agriculture production correct the format is and even open up the more content CSS possibilities of producing designer babies and bringing cosmetic perfection. 



Seagrasses are flowering plant that grows in shallow and marine water like bays and Lagoon found in the many part of the word , from the tropic to the Arctic Circle.  recently scientists have claimed that protection and restoration of grasses can play a significant role in mitigation climate change. They have roots stems and leaves and produce flowers and seeds.  Restoration of seagrasses has been taken up by the Tamil Nadu forest department in the Gulf of Mannar.  Threat to seagrasses include human disturbance and natural disturbances. 


• academic freedom index

 index try to quantify the freedom of University  and scholar to debate politically and culturally controversial topic without fear for their safety or studies and without any external influence on the Institutions affairs based on the combination of actual data and the assessments of 1800 academicians world wide.  it is the result of a collaborative effort between researchers at FAU and the V Dem.  India has  scored  low in international academic freedom index with a score of 0.352 which is closely followed by Saudi Arabia and Libya. 


● organization of petroleum exporting country  4th high level meeting held in which India took participation via video conferencing.

 Objective of this conference is to coordinate unify petroleum policies and to secure fair and stable price.

 it was established by Baghdad conference in 1960 and OPEC member country are Iran Iraq Kuwait Saudi Arabia Venezuela .

ASEAN PREMIUM  -Extra charge over oil in ASia.

 


●G-20 : PM calls for a new global index in over transparency post pandemic world.

- 85%  of total gdp.

-80% international trade

- 65% of world population. 

 First time leaders meeting with FM

 Global index is based on 

talent poll

technology

transparency

Sprit of trustful



● A Himalayan serow - The at Eastern central and Western himalyas

IUCN status - vulnerable 

 Add it's comes under schedule 1st of wildlife protection act 1972. 


●Dara shikoh - transfered the bhagwat gita into Persian.

 The was oldest son of Shahjhan and killed by Orangzeb in battle of samugarh.

Wrote - majma-ul-bahrain.

 It was in news because the ministry of culture recently set up a 7 member panel of archaeological survey of India to locate the grave of the mughal Prince Dara shikoh.



● Russia pulled out from free sky treaty that was signed in 1992 and come into effect in 2002 .

India and China are not the member of risky treaty.



● Article 131 of Indian prostitution Bad deals with original and exclusive jurisdictions of Supreme Court .

 no Private or individual can appeal under this



 It was in news because kerala government has envoked to citizenship amendment act in Supreme Court. 


Supreme Court invoked article 142 to order to formed the trust for ram temple.

and this article deal with complete justice of Supreme Court. 


●Grand Ethiopian Renaissance dam  It's conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia. 

 US has stepped in to mediate this conflict. 



● Adaptation gap report 2020 Released by UNEP United Nations environment program this report estimates the annual cost of adaptation To the effect of climate change for developing country Read list quadruple by 2050.



● Export promotion council for technical textile

 Launched by ministry of textile to constitute

 dedicated export promotion council for technical textile for 4 year.

 It's Aim is to taking domestic market size to USD 40 billion to USD 50 billion by 2024.




●Agatti island i.e 459km from Kozhikodi Kerala. 

- National green tribunus has granted an interim stay on falling of coconut trees on agatti island.



● pokkali rice( GI tag from kerala)

 Farmers of Bengal are experimenting with the pokkali variety of rice in sundarbans Contains lowest carbohydrate.

 Doctors also suggest it to as lower sugar diet. 



●Parivar pahchan patra  launched by Haryana (Called PPP)

Unique identity  card 

To 54 lakh family 

For families not for individuals 

8 digit no. 

Girls name transferred after marriage 


●MADHAVPUR Mela-  8 Northeastern state are visiting porbandar Gujarat to take participation in   Month of April on ramnavmi.

Please related to mismi tribe of assam because  lord Krishna married to rukmini and she belong to Miami tribe.


●NATRAJA (shiv and parvati)

Ardhnareshwar

Fire (left hand)

Drum (sound)

Abhay mudra (path of salvation)



●AMBU BACHI MELA (ASSAM)

In Kamekhya temple  (one of the 51 saktipith)

At nilachal hills.


●47th G7 summit 

 United Kingdom invited India and Australia PM as guest to attend the 47th G7 summit held in June 2021 on  Request of France and Italy .

G7 Countries are Canada Italy France Germany Japan UK US.



● Indian ocean commission was established in 1984.  India becomes its 5th observer But India is the not a member of IOC.

 Indian ocean commission consist of Madagascar, reunion,  Comoros,  Mauritius, Seychelles. 

It is also known as Victoria agreement.


Serum institute of India CEO adar poonawala escapes to UK

 Coronavirus vaccine manufacturing stops?

CEO of serum institute of India have respect towards the UK after facing many threads from politicians and other high personalities. 

Cyrus poonawalla has a net worth of 11.5 USD billion.

He is the CEO of Serum Institute of India Pvt Ltd which is the world's largest waste seen manufacturer industry.

   It's very bad news for the image of India in front of the whole world that serum chief flies to the UK to escape from CMs, corporates, Biggies.

should-vaccine-manufacturing-stops-in-India


  Adar poonawalla facing threats

 In an interview with Adar, poonawala accepts that person powerful peoples in India treating him to provide vaccines and he's facing aggression or covid vaccine is overwhelming everyone expects to get their first. It is due to the high demand for vaccine all over India because cases are increasing indefinitely. He claims that the most powerful people in India call him and aggressively order to provide vaccine to them first.

  He also said that nobody warned him to threaten him directly but their language is so aggressive that he can't survive more. He also added that he cannot work under such pressure so he flew away to the UK. 

   Poonawalla has been in London with his family for the last few days. The Times said he "flew to London to join his wife and two children hours before Britain band travellers from India 8 days ago".

  If you are thinking that the Indian government is not aware of threads that are given to poonawala then you are wrong.

   Recently Indian Central government had granted Punawala y level security on April 29 which meant that personal security officers would accompany him at all times and an armed guard would keep a vigil at his home. If you want to understand what is y level of security then I will tell you that Indian actress Kangna Ranaut get y plus security without any specific reason.

Vaccine-manufacturing-stops


  After arriving and the UK he has given an exclusive interview. In an interview with a London newspaper Adar Punawala head of the world's largest vaccine manufacturer serum institute of India has a complaint of receiving threads from politicians and powerful and demanding quick delivery of the covid-19 vaccine that his firm has been producing.  

Adar poonawalla interview from the UK

   Poonawalla asked who must carry the blame for the situation India finds itself in, Punawala said "if I give you the right answer, or any answer, my head would be chopped off ...... I can't comment on the election or Kumbh Mela it's too sensitive I don't think even God could have forecast it was going to get this bad.

Adar poonawalla is defamed

   Punawala said that when the pandemic began he was proud to be the man of the moment and felt," a proud sense and feeling that people were depending on me and I was doing my best to save and protect the nation and the world". However he is now where it is returned by the criticism he is getting. He says, the company is not being," appreciated and supported but instead, "we are being vilified and blamed". 

    The serum institute chief said he hoped that when the history books are being written he will be judged more favourably. "That's what claims me down", he says, adding. We have done the best we can without cutting corners or doing anything wrong or profiteering. I will wait for history to judge. 

  This is the time we have to think, that how we can feel our industrialist safe. Are we treating them well? earlier this month as per his request the Indian government had also given a "soft loan". Poonawalla and advance loan of Rs 3000 crore that is equal to 400 million US dollar to ramp up production.


  We all know that India is not a role model in law and order, if there any politician say that do it else you will be......

These lines are sufficient to threaten anyone, So industrialists are not feeling themselves safe. So they are running away to other safe countries but it will not be good for our country for the long run because industrialist plays a very important lord role in boosting a country's economy.


Who is Adar poonawala

Adar Poonawalla is the chief executive officer (CEO) of Serum Institute of India, Founded in 1966 by his father, Cyrus Poonawalla, it is the world's largest vaccine manufacturer by the number of doses produced. Serum Institute of India also a leading producer for the covid-19 vaccine is not only in India but also all over the world. (born 14 January 1981) 

Who is Adar Punawala

Adar Poonawalla is the chief executive officer (CEO) of Serum Institute of India, Founded in 1966 by his father, Cyrus Poonawalla, it is the world's largest vaccine manufacturer by the number of doses produced. Serum Institute of India also a leading producer for the covid-19 vaccine is not only in India but also all over the world. (born 14 January 1981) 

Adar-poonawala


Pakistan does U-turn on lifting ban over Indian imports

 Pakistan does U-turn on lifting ban over Indian imports

The coronavirus pandemic has battered economics around the globe . Countries are struggling to get back on their feetbut Pakistani choosing politics over its economic the country has made a U-turn on resuming trade ties with India so let's throw some light on why the was abruptly rivers Pakistan had unilaterally suspended trade with India in August of 2019 and this after New Delhi trapped the special status for Jammu and Kashmir after nearly two years Pakistan planned on lifting a ban on imports of Indian sugar in cotton is step towards reviving the suspended trade between the two neighbours India is the world's biggest producer of cotton and the second biggest sugar producer as wale importing cotton and sugar would have helped Pakistan there is a massive shortage or raw material in Pakistan's textile sector as for sugar the decision was influenced by high domestic prices we on has assessed the documents that no of prime ministers approval for the import the decision was made by the economic coordination committee for ACC of the cabinet with Imran Khan being the minister in charge for commerce so it was clearly labelled with the prime minister's approval but the cabinet and a projecting panels decision overturning something that came with Imran Khan's approval in the first place now according to sources women rights minister Kiran mazari interior minister Sheikh Rasheed and foreign minister Mahmood Qureshi have opposed this proposal by the the e cc.





This is a major blow for the Imran Khan government especially at the time when imports could have helped the Pakistan economy while there is no official word on the development the sudden flip-flop may and up being very costly for Pakistan . inbaisnews is now available in your country  add site on home screen now .

The decision of continuing the trade relations with India might be the best resurgence for both the economy and specially for Pakistan the ceasefire on LOC is also proven very good for both the country and now both the countries are peacefully following the ceasefire decision. 

If you want to read more about their relations you go to your homepage and read out article named Akhand Bharat my vision by reading this article you get all about Indo Pak relations and all other things that are menu plated between both these country. 

The challenge facing Joe Biden at the US-Mexico border

 What is happening at  US Maxico border

This week we are focused on the us Mexico border and a test of whether Joy Biden can match his world with actions what do you do with an unaccompanied child that comes to the border do you repeat what trump did. Take them from their mothers to move them away hold them in cells etc.



Do you us Mexico border is the most active international border in aspect of migrants arrival .

Joe Biden added"we are not doing that since Joe Biden become president tens of thousands of people have arrived at US border. 

Most have been turned back but in a change of Donald Trump's policy unaccompanied children are now not turned back, children that are unaccompanied have provided all the basic facilities in public house, children packed into confined areas surrounded by screens and republicans are blaming the president. This process is created by the president policies of this new administration there's no other way to claim it .Then abandon border cases they are hoping nobody see the tragic human cost of their failure to which the burden administration sage this is on Donald Trump.

President Trump dismantled the orderly humane and efficient way of allowing children to make their claims under United States law in their home countries , dismantled the central American - program so we are rebuilding those orderly and safe processes as quickly as possible now Joy Biden has put vice president camera Harry is in charge of this and see acknowledge there's a lot of work to be done we have been in office less than hundred days we are addressing it we are dealing with it but it's going and take the sometime and are we first stated are you first started yes we are in first lesson for Kamala Harris frustration for republicans frustration all around but where does responsibility lie for his criticism of Donald Trump as president Biden actually made the situation rose and does he need to acknowledge this is a problem with no obvious solution we let's work through it starting with the numbers here is the us-mexico border its more than 3000 kilometre long is the most frequently crossed international border in the world this graphics shows the number of encounters with us border patrol 2017 .

you will see a peak in 2019 then a staff fall then a rise again in 2020 so before Joy by then took office and we should not for this time of year March 2021 is higher than the three previous years also look at this the number of unaccompanied children is rising now, that started under President Trump but it's increase more rapidly under president Joe Biden and we all know where the migrants are coming from some are from Mexico others from Guatemala Honduras and Nicaragua and at the heart of their stories and of this issue for the White House is why they are heading to the US why they are coming to the US which thing they get in US this is one reason , that is is like that hurricane that comes in November and after mass of that Hurricane all places and sources of livelihood are destroy completely in coastal area. so people in the search of food in the search of job and in the search of better livelihood option and accessibility to all services that comes towards US for a better life.

 


One more reason to migrants is there the pandemic it's disrupted everything it's created reasons to leave and reasons to delay journeys both in part explain the current search on the border and in drug cartels violence 40 and political repression all of these reasons can lead people to conclude that the US is there Bisht perhaps there only hope.

We make a long stop some people heading to the border these goals have played violence and poverty did don't know who president Biden is all my Kannauj is how hard it was to say goodbye to his mum and Yang simple siblings The Don no of joy by done but the president is a part of the equation for others this is a photo of a protest in each of the Mexican side of the border by then please let us in read the T-Shirts . Whether they are right or wrong this expectation is rapid idli being heard that teenagers get here now with the hope that your wide and will let them in as refugee some US official are drawing similar conclusions before the new President took office we didn't have these types of number coming across as we see an accompanied children all the time we caught one on Monday that was from coming in from Bolivia that was 10 years old by himself but does this add app joined by girls only two months into his presidentti can be really connect him to whats happening wale to judge Joy Biden we need to talk at the numbers but we also need to look at how the US is treating people , border facility in Texas during the Trump administration you can hear children separated from their parents and calling out for them .


this was one of the most visible moments of Donald Trump presidency and after the he stopped the child separation policy not before hundreds of children had been taken from their parents and Joe Biden let the nation and now they cannot find or 500 offsets of those parents and those kids alone now here to go now where to go its criminal its criminal and its Max us and laughing stock and violets every notion of who we are as a nation divide and was also clear that if he were president the US would help those in need I would infect make sure that there is immediately search to the border all those people are seeking Asylum they deserve to be heard those who we are and if that wasn't clear enough he also said this Where NSS says if you want to see and you are playing operation you should come bed now Joy by dun is President and his taken immediate action we are going to work to do the moral and national same of the previous administration that literally note figuratively ribbed children from the arms of their family their mothers and fathers at the border this all got a lot of attention as did fifth in the policy on unaccompanied children and later the president look to add to his message I can stay quite clearly don't come don't leave your town or city or community so first come then don't come until we tell you to all while changing the rules on children and the Republican senator mitt Romney has tweeted the Biden administration lack of understanding of the power of incentive continues to call me allowing and are compared - to stay in the US will build a flood of unaccompanied minors its defects child separation only she argues now as we have seen the data that appear to show a rise in the number of unaccompanied children after that change of policy and that rise in arrivals means more children are emperor Li like this and on that the White House add this to say it's not acceptable but I think the challenge here is that there are only there are not that many options the argument being the Trump administration didn't maintain sufficient security but the Trump administration no longer in power and it also didn't change the policy on unaccompanied children and pressure ingrowing the democratic Congress women Alexandria ocasio portage has tweeted about the children's situation saying this is not ok a never had been ok never will be OK no matter the administration or party and the situation told you earlier wha dependent on policy the Texas says he want to show people what happening and underlining all of the concerned from across the US political spectrum is the question of whether the president has or have been nave because make no mistake American lord the child separation policy many of them wanted the bite and administration to treat children differently treat them better but changing the policy straight away before facilities are ready and influx and children ending up in an acceptable condition and some would argue it also doesn't address the more fundamental issue here because the border between the US and Mexico is largely closed at the moment that's because of the pandemic and thousands of people are waiting Max if can like this but of course the border won't stay close forever and when it opens just like his predecessor Biden will need to outline how he plans to manage America's border when many many people want to get in trouble Lena rodrigue use ride in polity by done is facing the really that building the fair and who many immigration system he promised on the campaign trail it's a huge undertaking migrants are going to stop coming just because it officials say they shouldn't be argued 9 progressive and republicans going to stay quiet just because he asked for patience that some would add that while the work on the border is ancient its actually America's role in the region beyond its borders that may offer the longer term solution have a listen to general literature from the New Yorker the problem is not going anywhere we have neglected all the reality in the region that have had a hand in four decades and all the consequences of that are announcing them at the source of the border and they do creatively I mean 2014 to 19 now they will continue by does each to the American people was in part simply that he wasn't Donald Trump that he did Polo science on pen dependent that add stop reading this information this was a low bar immigration is harder much harder and cramp detention centres filling up with an accompanist children is a long way from Joy by dance vision of America but there's what's happening and his next move matters board to intern and his decision matters a lot for that poor children's that lost a bright future just due to some wrong decision by administration .we can ask a question that why that children's have a right to live a good life with fundamental rights the government and administration should provide them a chance to prove themselves and provide them all the basic facilities to live their childhood in every aspect of life. 





Yemen crisis-yemen news

Yemen  crisis 

There are a various organisation working across the world for helping the poor, women, child and the helpless. But no one in this world is ready to think or help Yemen....where is humanity 😏😏?

About Yemen!!!
Yemen is a middle east country officially known as the Republic of Yemen having roughly 3 cr population. Currently, Yemen is facing the worst humanitarian crisis.  Most of the population of Yemen is not able to earn a two-time meal. Children's of Yemen are having malnutrition problem and CZ of that child died before getting 5 yr of age .women of Yemen are not having proper care and nutrition during their pregnancy. And education is totally hampered in Yemen. People lost their home. Have a look to know more about the current [email protected]@@👩‍✈️


Past of Yemen/reasons behind this worst humanitarian crisis of planet!
During ancient time Yemen was the heart of ancient Arabia. Now it becomes the poorest country in the middle east. And in the last five yes it's been torn apart by war. local People and groups are fighting with each other continuously while a Saudi led coalition bombs from above. and at current millions of people desperately struggling to survive. So how and why things get bad?? and is there any way to come out of this situation. 
....
.

Also, read our top posts click here

1. Demonetisation A Complete Failure

Ali Abdullah Saleh(former president of Yemen)

He was Yemen president for 20 years since the 1990s. This is the man who once compared ruling over Yemen to 'dancing on the heads of snakes'.it is no wonder that during the Arab spring of 2011 Yemenis rose up against Saleh. In the hope that things might get better. but they didn't and this is where the next big player comes in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is the most influential members of a club of countries known as the gulf cooperation council. And it was the GCC that oversaw negotiations to finally force Saleh out. The GCC's deal helped in installing a new government in Yemen. And vice president abd-rabbi Mansoor Hadi in charge. Yemen continue to suffer under President Hadi after the revolution.  The initiative that had come out of the revolution was broken by gulf powers who simply appeared to return the same old elites to power.

So by 2014 some of Yemen's functions began to lose patience. One of them was the houses another major player in this war. Now the houses are a Shia Muslim minority from northern Yemen. They say they've been marginalised and often rebelled against the government.
And during the Arab spring, they were very involved in the uprising against Saleh. But here's the twist: the Houthis and Saleh were both sidelined by the GCC's plans for the Yemenis new government. So the former enemies joined forces. The Houthis, together with some of Saleh's allies still in the army took over Yemen's capital in Santa in 2014. Hadi fled to Saudi Arabia and then the Saudis along with several other countries formed a coalition to return their man Hadi to power. and Saudi Arabia expressed three main war aims: It wanted to restore the government of the president of Hadi.
It wanted to protect and prevent from fragmenting.
And it wanted to contain the perceived growing influence of Iran in this region.

Saudi-led intervention:

It was a campaign of relentless airstrikes. More than 19000 attacks in the last 5 yr according to the latest reports. Saudi -led forces say they have been targeting the enemy but rights group accuse the coalition of bombing dozens of hospitals and schools killing thousands of Yemeni civilians. This brings us to Yemen's immense humanitarian crisis.
 Way forward various countries are having the strength and capabilities to enhance the livelihood of Yemenis. All countries are afraid to invest in Yemen because there is no future growth or prosperity in this country.
But in this time instead of forgetting profits world should stand with Yemenis. Help them directly or indirectly, contributing one single pie by everyone can stand Yemenis on their own foot again. Millionaire should start MSME's so can they can earn a two-time meal for their family.🤲