The directive principle of State Policy are enumerated part 4 of Indian constitution from article 36 to 51. The constitutional assembly borrowed this idea from virus constitution. Which had copied it from Spanish constitution. Dr BR Ambedkar called the principal as novel features of constitution.
All articles in part 4 of Indian Constitution
Article 36 of Indian Constitution
As per the article 36, the term state in part 4 has the same meaning as in part 3 of Indian constitution dealing with fundamental rights. Therefore it includes the legislative and executive organs of the centre and state government are local bodies and all public bodies in the country.
Article 37 of Indian Constitution
Article 37 says that the DPSP aur fundamental in the the administration of country. It will be duty of the state and Centre to apply these principles in making laws. DPSP are not legally in form table by Supreme Court and we can not challenge anyone for their violation.
Article 38 of Indian Constitution
To promote the wellbeing of people securing a social law and order provided by justice- social economic political and for minimising inequalities in income status facilities and opportunities. State is responsible to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
Article 39 of Indian Constitution
While framing policies, i.e., state would strive to provide:
- Real meaning of livelihood for all citizens.
- equal distribution of resources of community for common .
- Reduce and prevent concentration of wealth and means of more production.
- Reduce discrimination payment based on sex( equal pay for equal work for men and women)
- Good health and strength of workers and children against force labour.
- Provides right opportunities for healthy development of children.
Article 39A of Indian Constitution
State duty to make laws To provide fair justice and free Legal Aid to poor.
Article 40 of Indian Constitution
it provides all the necessary powers to village panchayats. It provides a 32bit panchayats to make them able to function as a mini self government.
Article 41 of Indian Constitution
Article 41 secure right to work education and public assistance in the scenario of unemployment, too old age, illness, Handicapped or physical or mental disablement.
Article 42 of Indian Constitution
Article 42 states that its duty of government to make provision for just humane environment and conditions of worker and Maternity( during the pregnancy) relief.
Article 43 of constitution
It is dates duty to secure,suitable legislation or economic organisation or in any other way, to all workers, industrial or otherwise, work, a living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities
Article 43a of Indian Constitution
Article 43A States dad its States duty to take steps, by suitable legislation or in any other way, to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishments or other organisations engaged in any industry.
Article 44 of Indian Constitution
Article 44 is to secure uniform Civil Code for all the citizens all throughout the territory of union of India .
Article 45 of Indian Constitution
Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years[ state duty to provide every child care and education Till the age of 6 years]
Article 46 of Indian Constitution
The State shall promote, special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the society, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all bases of exploitation.
Article 47 of Indian Constitution
Article 47 of Constitution directs the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living improve public health. In particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of intoxicating drinks and drugs.
Article 48 of Indian Constitution
It’s duty of state to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines to promote these areas of economy.
Article 48a of Indian Constitution
Article 48A lays down the directive principle for protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife. It shall be duty of state to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.
Article 49 of Indian Constitution
It shall be the duty of the State to protect every monument or place or object of artistic or historic interest from spoliation, disfigurement, destruction, removal, disposal or export, such cases.
Article 50 of Indian Constitution
Atate can separate the Judiciary from the executive in public services of state.
Article 51 of Indian Constitution
Article 51 states that its duty of state to promote international peace and security and maintain just and honourable relation between Nations. State shall Foster respect for international law and Treaty obligations and to increase settlement of international disputes by arbitration.
The 44th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1978 added one more directive principle which provide state to minimise inequalities in income status facilities and opportunities.
The 86th amendment act of 2002 changed the matter of article 45 and made elementary education a fundamental right under article 21 A.
The 97th Amendment Act of 2011 added a new directive principle of cooperative societies. It required the state to promote voluntary formation autonomous functioning democratic control and professional management of cooperative societies.