The 1st amendment of the indian Constitution in 1951 was to empower the state. It tends to remove social inequality in socially backward classes of indian society. By this amendment, government makes the law for the Upliftment of scheduled casts and scheduled tribes.
1st amendment of indian constitution 1951
- Empowered the state to make special provisions for the advancement of society and economically backward classes
- Provided for the saving of laws providing for acquisition of state etc.
- Added ninth schedule to protect the land Reform and other laws included in it from the Judicial review.
- Added three more Grounds of restriction on freedom of speech and expression, viz, public order, friendly relations with Foreign states and incitement to an offence. Also made the restriction reasonable and thus, justiciable in nature.
- Provided that state trading and nationalization of any trade or business by the state is not to be invalid on ground of violation of the right to trade or business.
When was the first amendment of India?
THE CONSTITUTION (FIRST AMENDMENT) ACT, 1951.
The first amendment reasons
As India started its journey as a socialist republic country, so it’s necessary to give the slogan of equality to the whole world. So for improvement in backward classes and to empower the center, this law comes into force. It tended to reduce the difference between rich and poor. Some name it as a masterstroke of Nehru, Some count it as the biggest blunders of indian history. As per Nehru, it was a need for a stable society.
Eventually, in 1951 Nehru administration made a provision limiting Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India against “abuse of freedom of speech and expression“. … Furthermore, it warned that restricting Freedom of Speech would lead to abuse by The State and drastically impact the democratic freedom of citizens.
change in articles after1st amendment of indian constitution
- The First Amendment Act amended articles 15, 19, 85, 87, 174, 176, 341, 342, 372 and 376.
- It inserted articles 31A and 31B.
- It inserted Ninth Schedule to the Constitution to protect the land reform and other laws present in it from the judicial review.